Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Bali, Moluccas, Sulawesi, Papua .... these are just among the big islands that you might have heard since you were little in your classrooms ... and among the islands that makes up part of Indonesia.
A country also known as the jewel of the tropics, has a staggering 17.508 islands - 6000 of which are inhabited and scattered over both sides of the equator. With so many islands, this means that Indonesia has one of the longest coastline area in the world ... spanning to about
A country with an area of 1,919,400 square kilometers (741,030 sq miles), Indonesia is the world's 16th largest country in terms of land area. Indonesia also has a rich soil where most anything can grow, thanks to its volcanic soil. Sitting on the pacific ring of fire, it has the largest number of active volcanoes in the world. Close to 71 active volcanoes in total and a lot more non active ones.
In the overall, Indonesia covers only 1.3% of the earth’s surface, yet harbours 10% of all flowering plants, 12% of the world’s mammals, 16% of the world’s reptiles and amphibians, 17% of all birds, and more than a quarter of known marine and freshwater fish species. Overall, it is one of the richest countries in terms of biological diversity and social diversity. The many islands of the archipelago support a wide range and variety of habitats, from lowland rainforests, mangroves, savannah grassland, swamp forests and limestone hills, to mountain forest, alpine meadows and snowcapped mountains near the equator.
Indonesia is green all year round. It only knows two seasons - rain and sun. Imagine summer all year round!
YAKITA main office and main campus is located in Bogor. Located some 60 km south of Jakarta, Bogor is the "bo" of the massive Jabotabek conurbation (Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Bekasi or otherwise known as part of Greater Jakarta). It is about 60 kms drive from the Indonesian capital city of Jakarta and home to 3 million people.
Although it is still considered to be in Greater Jakarta, Bogor is under the West Java Province. If you have heard of the famous Krakatoa, then you would have heard of West Java. West Java is on the island of Java - home of the famous Java coffee and the unique civet coffee - the most expensive coffee in the world.
Bogor was the capital of Indonesia during the British occupation under Stamford Raffles and was used as the capital by the Dutch during the dry season, then known as Buitenzorg which literally means 'beyond worries' or 'beyond care' - reflecting the easy life in Bogor.
The summer capital of the Dutch in the hot dry season, Bogor is known as the a great place to get away from the hot and humid Jakarta. Bogor just turned 527 years old in 2009, 45 years older than the capital city of Indonesia, Jakarta.
Located 290 meters above sea level, Bogor is noticeably cooler than the torrid lowlands, and is the place where many of the Indonesian elite have their villas. Once a place of beauty, rapid development has turned central Bogor into the same congested mess as every other Indonesian city, but there are still rivers, canals, red-roofed houses, mosques, churches, trees, flowers and views of nearby Mount Salak to be had.
Once fully a botanical garden, Bogor now only has a bit of the old botanical garden kept intact, which also has the Bogor Palace with its hundreds of deers. Bogor is also home to the Institute Pertanian Bogor (or Bogor Institute of Agriculture). To the south of the city of Bogor are large tea plantations grown on the mountain sides of Puncak highlands. During colonial times the Bogor area was developed as a centre for plantations. Apart from the tea (Gunung Mas), there were coffee plantations at nearby Sukabumi and later vast rubber plantations that stretched from Bogor as far as Citereup and Bukit Sentul.
Safari Garden is also very close to Bogor. Yes, this is where you can find tigers. In Safari Garden, you can drive your car in and literally go nose to nose with zebras, deers, Llamas, Gnus, and many of the other free roaming animals just by opening the window of your car. We would strongly suggest you be careful with the Llamas as they can be really tricky and would not let you pass until you feed them.
The suburban area of Bogor is part of the Bogor Regency, while the urban is the Bogor City. Currently Bogor bears the nickname "the Rain City" (Kota Hujan), suggesting that it is very wet and nearly always rains even during the dry season. When Bogor rains, Jakarta without getting rained on often gets flooded by Bogor water.
Bogor is the rainiest city on Java, and locals jokingly advise getting any sightseeing done in the morning because it's guaranteed to rain in the afternoon. Then again, tramping through the Botanical Gardens can actually be more pleasant in a cool drizzle. Lovers of Bogor will tell you that most of the time it is dry; normally, the rain falls only in heavy bursts late in the day.
Rain usually falls in months that bears the alphabet 'r' - meaning January, February, March, April, September, October, November and December - 8 months out of the 12 months of the year ... but no longer daily. Global warming seems to have an effect in Bogor. We no longer have much morning fog either.